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Citroën DS - Wikipediaen.wikipedia.org › wiki › Citroën_DS
The Citroën DS is a front-engine, front-wheel-drive executive car that was manufactured and ... Initially, the basic ID19 was sold on the French market with a price saving of more than 25% against the DS, although the differential was reduced ...


Citroën (French pronunciation: ​[si.tʁɔ.ɛn]) is a French automobile manufacturer founded in 1919 by the French industrialist André-Gustave Citroën, and part of the PSA Peugeot Citroën group since 1976.
In 1934, the firm established its reputation for innovative technology with the Traction Avant.[4] This car was the world's first mass-produced front wheel drive car, and also one of the first to feature a unibody construction, with no chassis supporting the mechanical components.[5]In 1954 they produced the world's first hydropneumatic self-levelling suspension system[6] then, in 1955, the revolutionary DS, the first mass-produced car with modern disc brakes[7] and, in 1967, they introduced in several of their models swiveling headlights that allowed for greater visibility on winding roads; these cars have received various national and international awards, including three European Car of the Year.
With a successful history in motorsport, Citroën is the only automobile manufacturer to have won three different official championships from the International Automobile Federation: the World Rally Raid Championship five times,[8] the World Rally Championship eight times[8] and the World Touring Car Championship.
Citroën has been selling vehicles in China since 1984, largely via the Dongfeng Peugeot-Citroën joint venture, which today represents a major market for the brand. In 2014, when PSA Peugeot Citroën ran into severe financial difficulties, the Dongfeng Motor Corporation took an ownership stake. 

Dongfeng Motor Corporation is a Chinese state-owned automobile manufacturer headquartered in Wuhan, China. Traditionally one of the "Big Four" Chinese automakers,[4] Dongfeng is currently in the top four in terms of output along with Changan Automobile, FAW Group, and SAIC Motor.[5]In addition to commercial and consumer vehicles, it also manufactures parts and cooperates with foreign companies, with joint ventures like Dongfeng Yulon, Dongfeng Yueda Kia, Dongfeng Honda, Dongfeng Motor Co., Ltd. (DFL, with Nissan), Dongfeng Peugeot-Citroën and Dongfeng Renault (except Dongfeng Yueda Kia, all were joint ventures of Dongfeng Motor Group).
The company was the second-largest Chinese vehicle maker in 2014 by production volume manufacturing over 3.5 million whole vehicles that year. Commercial vehicle production that year was higher than all other domestic manufacturers at nearly 450,000.[6]Dongfeng has one direct listed subsidiary: Dongfeng Motor Group (DFG);[7] Dongfeng Automobile Co., Ltd. is a listed company owned by DFG's joint venture Dongfeng Motor Co., Ltd. (DFL).[8]Some sources may refer to the company as Dong Feng, use an acronym like DFM, or use the name in conjunction with others when referring to a subsidiary, joint venture, or other associated enterprise. "Dongfeng Yueda Kia", for example.
Known as Second Automobile Works (第二汽车制造厂) until 1992,[9] Dongfeng, or "East Wind" in Chinese, was founded in 1969.[4] Its origins lie in a dictate of Chairman Mao Zedong; as part of his "Third Front" strategy, its far inland location in Hubei Province was meant to protect it from foreign invasion.[4] Traditionally manufacturing commercial vehicles, by 2001 these made up about 73% of Dongfeng's production.[10] By 2012, that figure had reversed, and 73% of manufactures were passenger cars.[11] However, the percentage of consumer offerings was likely lower as passenger car counts may include microvans, tiny commercial vehicles that are popular in China.
Between 1978-1985[12] alongside the market-based Chinese economic reforms instituted by Deng Xiaoping, Dongfeng was transformed from a manufacturer of two heavy-duty trucks[4] with fragmented operations and ownership into a single, centrally managed enterprise.[12] This process included placing all Dongfeng operations—from part manufacture to vehicle assembly—under the control of a single business entity and the merger of six truck production bases as well as a number of other companies previously controlled by provincial governments.[13] Post-1985, further reforms took place that allowed Dongfeng greater autonomy; the company was removed from the direct administrative control of the central government.[13]

紅いエリート@ファーウェイから汚腐乱巣派客家系ルノー自動車 ...
tokumei10.blogspot.com › 2019/05 › blog-post_92
2019/05/21 - 周恩来氏の政治秘書や四川省トップを務めた楊超氏と親しく、同氏を含めファーウェイ創業者、任正非・最高経営責任者(CEO)と家族ぐるみのつきあいだった。 関係者によると、楊氏は周恩来氏に加え、鄧小平氏や趙紫陽氏ら歴代指導者とも近く、ファーウェイ成長の背景となった。任CEO ... 年10月に再び田舎町の市立中等学校に入学して3か月間学んだのち、パリ近郊のルノーの自動車工場で工員として勤務する。


Last Xmas


Born in Paris in 1878, André-Gustave was the fifth and last child of Jewish parents,[4][5][6] diamond merchant Levie Citroen from the Netherlands and Masza Amelia Kleinman from Warsaw, Poland. He was a cousin of the British philosopher Sir A. J. Ayer (the only son of his aunt Reine).
The Citroen family moved to Paris from Warsaw in 1873. Upon arrival, the French diaeresis was added to the Dutch surname (reputedly by one of André's teachers), changing Citroen to Citroën. Citroen comes from a grandfather in the Netherlands who had been a greengrocer and seller of tropical fruit, and had taken the surname of Limoenman, Dutch for "lime man," his son however changed it to Citroen, which in Dutch means "lemon".
His father committed suicide when André was six years old (presumably after failure in a business venture in a diamond mine in South Africa). It is reputed that the young André was inspired by the works of Jules Verne and had seen the construction of the Eiffel Tower for the World Exhibition, making him want to become an engineer.
André was a graduate of the École Polytechnique in 1900. In that year he visited Poland, the birthland of his mother, who had recently died. During that holiday he saw a carpenter working on a set of gears with a fish-bone structure. These gears were less noisy and more efficient.
Citroën bought the patent for very little money, leading to the invention that is credited to Citroën: double helical gears. Also reputed to be the inspiration of the double chevron logo of the brand of Citroën. In 1908, he was installed as a chairman for the automotive company Mors, where he was very successful.[7]
During World War I, he was responsible for mass production of armaments. Citroën gained an international reputation during the war, and more as the leading production expert in France. His activities were extensive in connection with the Renault plant, which employed 35,000 men in the manufacture of munitions during the war.[citation needed]
In the middle of 1919, Citroën was one of the directors of the Société Française Doble, Paris, to build steam cars in France. Some other directors of the company were Paul Sicault, of the Renault Co.; M. Mery, of the Turcat-Mery Co.; M. Delage, the automobile designer.[citation needed] The design was not feasible and Citroën turned to other projects.
Citroën founded the Citroën automobile company in 1919, leading it to become the fourth largest automobile manufacturer in the world by the beginning of the 1930s (specifically 1932).[citation needed] Costs for developing the model Traction Avant, which improved the sales for the company, led to bankruptcy in 1934. It was taken over by the main creditor Michelin, who had provided tires for the cars.
He died in Paris, France, of stomach cancer in 1935 and was interred in the Cimetière du Montparnasse, the funeral being led by the Chief Rabbi of Paris.



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ChineseOriginatedVirusInfectionDisease means COVID plus -19 of year21019.

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"We stand together to strongly condemn conspiracy theories
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Statement in support of scientists, public health
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